Left ventricular adaptation to sustained pressure overload in the conscious dog.
The early adaptation to aortic stenosis was studied in eight conscious dogs previously instrumented with a left ventricular micromanometer and ultrasonic crystals measuring left ventricular minor equator, left ventricular major axis, and ventricular wall thickness. Data were compared during control, acute inflation of a supravalvular aortic cuff occluder and 24 hours after aortic stenosis with and without beta-blockade. Acute aortic stenosis increased peak systolic pressure and end-systolic pressure with a decrease of percent systolic shortening of minor diameter (% delta L). Twenty-four hours after aortic constriction for heart rates, end-diastolic dimensions, and systolic pressures similar to those measured during acute aortic stenosis, % delta L was significantly increased, compared with acute aortic constriction, and was close to control values. End-systolic diameter was not significantly different from control during sustained pressure overload, although end-systolic stress was increased by 26.7 +/- 6.1% (P less than 0.01 with control), representing a leftward shift of the end-systolic stress-diameter relation. Similar results were obtained under beta-blockade. We conclude that there is, in this model of moderate pressure overload, a nonsympathetic increased inotropic state very early after aortic constriction.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association