Resting and exercise renal blood flows in immature ovine aortic coarctation. Impact of gradient relief.
The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether a neonatally induced thoracic aortic coarctation reduces renal blood flow during physiological stress (treadmill exercise), and whether relief of the gradient returned renal blood flow during exercise to normal. Two ancillary questions were also addressed: dose a coarctation after the responses of enteric and other visceral vascular beds to treadmill exercise? Eight newborn lambs that underwent sham thoracotomy with placement of left atrial lines served as controls; in seven lambs we also created a recently described form of dilatable juxtaductal coarctation. This preparation is unique in that, like human coarctation, the obstruction does not get worse as the animal grows. Rest and exercise vascular pressures and regional blood flows were determined 2-2 1/2 months after surgery. Coarctations were relieved with balloon dilation angioplasty catheters, inserted percutaneously. Postdilation rest and exercise hemodynamic studies were performed, at the same level of exercise, 24 hours after dilation. Renal blood flow did not change with exercise in the control animals. In lambs with coarctation, renal blood flow fell (-22%, P less than 0.01) during exercise. Unexpectedly, an exercise-induced fall in renal blood flow (-22%, P less than 0.001) persisted even after effective relief of the coarctation (descending aortic blood pressure fell 25% with exercise predilation, but remained unchanged with exercise postdilation). Blood flow to the terminal ileum and cecum followed a qualitatively similar pattern to that of renal blood flow in control, predilation, and postdilation lambs, and this pattern was distinct from that of other enteric and visceral organ flows. These results demonstrate an expected abnormality in the regulation of exercise renal blood flow in lambs with coarctation of the aorta; however, the persistence of this abnormality after effective gradient relief does not support the previously advanced theory that postcoarctation hypertension is largely nonrenal in origin. The apparent similarity between ileocecal and renal blood flow control under these circumstances may provide a clue to the known predilection of the terminal ileum to suffer ischemic injury.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association