Transcapillary water and protein flux in the canine intestine with acute and chronic extrahepatic portal hypertension.
Intestinal transcapillary water and total protein flux were determined in dogs with chronic extrahepatic portal hypertension after construction of an aortic-portal shunt combined with hilar portal vein constriction and compared to acute portal vein constriction. Measurements were made of thoracic duct lymph flow, portal venous pressure, and total protein concentration in plasma, thoracic duct lymph, intestinal and liver lymph. From these data and calculations based on the dual visceral origin of thoracic duct lymph from liver and intestine, intestinal transcapillary water flux in chronic extrahepatic portal hypertension (portal venous pressure = 21.4 +/- 2 mm Hg; mean +/- SEM), increased 5-fold (93 +/- 12 from 17 +/- 4 microliters/min/kg, P less than 0.001), while intestinal total protein flux expressed as protein clearance (intestinal transcapillary water flux X intestinal lymph/plasma total protein concentration) was unchanged (13 +/- 3 from 10 +/- 2 microliters/min per kg; P greater than 0.4), a finding supported by unaltered whole body plasma albumin "leak rate" (83 +/- 16 from 80 +/- 2 microliters/min per kg; P greater than 0.9). In acute portal vein constriction (portal venous pressure = 26 +/- 1 mm Hg) intestinal transcapillary water flux was similarly increased (58 +/- 16 from 9 +/- 2; P less than 0.014) but intestinal total protein flux was increased 3-fold (16 +/- 4 from 5 +/- 2; P less than 0.032). Calculated permeability surface area product and protein reflection coefficient (cross-point method) increased similarly in both preparations. In accord with earlier findings in patients with hepatic cirrhosis, chronic elevation in portal pressure increased intestinal transcapillary water flux but not total protein flux.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association