Evidence that serotonin receptors mediate the cutaneous vasoconstriction produced by 5-hydroxytryptamine in canine forelimbs.
The effects of local intra-arterial infusions of serotonin (5 or 25 micrograms base/min) or norepinephrine (1 or 5 micrograms base/min) on cutaneous (skin) and skeletal muscle vasculatures were investigated in canine forelimbs perfused at constant flow in dogs anesthetized with pentobarbital. Norepinephrine produced dose-related constriction of the skin and skeletal muscle vasculatures. In the cutaneous vascular circuit, norepinephrine produced large artery, small vessel, and large vein constriction. The increase in cutaneous vascular resistance was primarily due to an increase in small vessel resistance. Serotonin did not increase skeletal muscle vascular resistance but produced marked cutaneous vasoconstriction subsequent to large artery and large vein constriction. The small vessels, if anything, tended to dilate. The skin and skeletal muscle vascular responses to serotonin and norepinephrine were similar in innervated and acutely denervated forelimbs. Phentolamine pretreatment completely blocked all vascular actions of norepinephrine, and largely inhibited the cutaneous vasoconstriction produced by the infusion of the low dose of serotonin. However, the cutaneous large artery and large vein constriction produced by the infusion of the high dose of serotonin was not affected by phentolamine pretreatment. Cyproheptadine pretreatment blocked or largely inhibited the cutaneous vasoconstriction produced by serotonin only in doses which also inhibited norepinephrine and vasopressin cutaneous vasoconstriction. Pretreatment with methysergide blocked or largely inhibited the cutaneous large artery and large vein constriction produced by infusions of serotonin. Norepinephrine and vasopressin produced significant vasoconstriction in the presence of methysergide. These data suggest that the cutaneous large artery and large vein constriction produced by serotonin is not due to the activation of postjunctional alpha-adrenergic receptors.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association