Mechanism of Ca++ antagonist-induced vasodilation. Intracellular actions.
We studied the effects of Ca++ antagonists on intact and skinned muscles of rabbit mesenteric artery. Intact muscle contractions were inhibited by 10(-6) M diltiazem, whereas greater levels were required to abolish contractions in skinned muscle fibers. In contrast, nisoldipine had no effect on skinned muscle contractions, although it inhibited, almost completely, the contraction of intact muscle at concentrations below 10(-6) M. In the presence of EGTA, norepinephrine-induced contractions result from a release of Ca++ from an intracellular store. Diltiazem inhibited these contractions at concentrations between 10(-6) and 10(-4) M. Higher doses were required in studies with skinned muscle preparations. Unlike diltiazem, nisoldipine only partially inhibited the Ca++-free norepinephrine-induced contractions in the range of 10(-7) to 10(-5) M. From these results, we assumed that at low concentrations (below 10(-6) M), diltiazem induced relaxation by blocking Ca++ influx, whereas at relatively high concentrations (above 10(-6) M), an inhibition of Ca++ release from an intracellular store also occurred. A similar conclusion was reached regarding the mechanism whereby nisoldipine inhibits force developments.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association