Dynamic ventricular interaction in the conscious dog.
In nine conscious, chronically instrumented dogs, ultrasonic dimension transducers measured left ventricular anterior-posterior and septal-free wall minor axis and major axis diameters. Matched micromanometers measured right and left ventricular transmural and transeptal pressures. Ventricular pressures and volumes were varied by inflation of implanted vena caval and pulmonary artery occluders, and the functional significance of the two types of ventricular interaction, i.e., direct and series, was determined. The left ventricle was represented by a modified ellipsoidal geometry. Left ventricular stroke volume calculated from the dimension data correlated well with that measured directly from ascending aortic electromagnetic flow probes during all interventions (r greater than or equal to 0.96). Partial pulmonary artery occlusion significantly increased right ventricular diastolic and systolic pressures as compared to values obtained during control and venal caval occlusion. During pulmonary artery occlusion, latitudinal septal eccentricity was increased throughout the cardiac cycle compared to control and vena caval occlusion (P less than 0.05), indicating leftward interventricular septal shifting and significant alteration of left ventricular shape. The normalized diastolic pressure-volume curve was shifted to the left with pulmonary artery occlusion compared to control and indicated a decrease in left ventricular chamber compliance. However, when selected cardiac cycles with similar end-diastolic volumes from vena caval and pulmonary artery occlusions were compared, parameters of left ventricular systolic function (stroke volume, percent systolic shortening, peak aortic blood flow, peak left ventricular pressure, and its first derivative) remained relatively constant. These data suggest that mean myocardial fiber length is the major preload determinant of left ventricular systolic function independent of chamber pressure and shape, and that direct ventricular interaction mediated by interventricular septal shifting has minimal effects on systolic myocardial performance in this model. Thus, series ventricular interaction during acute imbalances in biventricular loading, where the output of the right ventricle determines the input of the left, seems to be far more important than direct interaction to the regulation of overall cardiac function.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association