Effects of diuretics on inner medullary hemodynamics in the dog.
Although the hemodynamic effects of diuretics have been studied extensively, their effects on inner medullary blood flow remain unknown. In the present study, renal hemodynamics, including papillary plasma flow measured by the albumin accumulation technique, and associated alterations in papillary tissue solute content were determined in anesthetized, hydropenic dogs and during euvolemic diuresis induced by furosemide (3 mg/kg plus 2 mg/kg per hr, iv), ethacrynic acid (3 mg/kg plus 2 mg/kg per hr, iv) or chlorothiazide (10 mg/kg plus 10 mg/kg per hr, iv). Renal blood flow increased significantly after furosemide and ethacrynic acid and decreased significantly after chlorothiazide. Sixty minutes after diuretic administration, papillary plasma flow was 10.8 +/- 1.0 (mean +/- SE) in six furosemide- and 11.3 +/- 2.6 ml/min per 100 g in six ethacrynic acid-treated dogs, both significantly lower than in eight normal or eight chlorothiazide-treated dogs [26.4 +/- 2.6 and 26.7 +/- 2.7 ml/min per 100 g, respectively (P less than 0.01)]. A similarly low papillary plasma flow was also noted 10 minutes after diuretic administration in five furosemide and four ethacrynic acid dogs (13.6 +/- 2.3 and 13.4 +/- 1.8 ml/min per 100 g, respectively). In furosemide and ethacrynic acid dogs, papillary osmolality and sodium content were significantly lower than those in normal or chlorothiazide dogs. In normal and chlorothiazide dogs, papillary sodium content was similar, with a significantly reduced papillary osmolality in the latter. At the time papillary plasma flow was measured, extracellular fluid volume was similar among the four groups of dogs; however, plasma renin activity increased significantly in furosemide and ethacrynic acid dogs (P less than 0.01) and remained unchanged in normal and chlorothiazide dogs. Furthermore, papillary plasma flow was restored to normal (25.3 +/- 3.9 ml/min per 100 g) in five dogs in which furosemide was infused during angiotensin II blockage with saralasin, despite a similar diuresis and natriuresis as the other furosemide group. These data demonstrate that after administration of furosemide, ethacrynic acid and chlorothiazide, regulation of papillary plasma flow is independent of renal blood flow, and suggest that angiotensin II may play a role in the reduced papillary plasma flow in furosemide and ethacrynic acid dogs.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association