Carotid sinus baroreceptor reflex control of respiration.
We have studied the effect of the carotid sinus baroreceptor reflex on respiration in 10 vagotomized, spontaneously breathing, pentobarbital anesthetized dogs. The carotid body chemoreceptor reflex response was eliminated by surgically excluding the carotid bodies from the carotid sinus baroreceptor area. Steady state frequency, tidal volume, and minute ventilation were measured after 25 mm Hg step changes in intrasinus pressure between 50 and 200 mm Hg. Over this range, the step decreases in intrasinus pressure caused concomitant increases in mean arterial pressure from 86 to 182 mm Hg. All of the respiratory response curves were sigmoidal in shape. Decreasing intrasinus pressure from 200 to 50 mm Hg caused respiratory frequency to increase from 4.8 to 9.7/min, and tidal volume to decrease from 704 to 515 ml. The calculated total ventilation, however, increased from 3180 to 4530 ml/min. The time of inspiration decreased from 3.7 to 2.4 seconds, and the time of expiration decreased from 9.8 to 4.1 seconds. These ventilatory responses are shown to be baroreceptor reflex mediated, and not secondary to changes in arterial pressure. These findings indicate that not only does the carotid sinus baroreceptor reflex control arterial pressure, but it also simultaneously influences ventilation, through changes in both respiratory frequency and tidal volume.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association