Rat cardiac muscle single cell automaticity responses to alpha- and beta-adrenergic agonists and antagonists.
Isolated cardiac muscle cells from neonatal rat ventricular myocardium have both alpha- and beta-adrenergic, positive chronotropic responses, with sensitivity to applied adrenergic agents more than 100 times greater than the intact neonatal heart. These highly sensitive isolated single cells and small groups of cells also reveal partial agonist activity of the alpha-adrenergic antagonist, phentolamine, and the beta-adrenergic antagonist, propranolol. The most likely explanation for the high sensitivity is the lack of a desensitization process that could involve both a desensitization substance and changes in receptors. These experiments suggest that all adrenergic antagonists could possibly show partial agonist activity.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association