Pulse wave reflection: can it explain the differences between systemic and pulmonary pressure and flow waves? A study in dogs.
We have studied the effect of changes in pulse wave reflection on the configurations of pressure and flow in systemic and pulmonary circulation. Electromagnetic flow transducers, atrial catheters, and pacing leads were implanted in 10 dogs. In four animals, the flow transducer was placed on the pulmonary artery, in another four on the ascending aorta, and in two additional dogs on both vessels. One week later, ascending aortic and/or pulmonary artery flow and pressure (catheter tip manometer) were measured under general anesthesia (Nembutal, 30 mg/kg, iv). When the pulmonary circulation was studied (six dogs), measurements were made before and during serotonin infusion (0.5-0.75 mg/min). When the systemic circulation was studied (six dogs), measurements were made before and during nitroprusside infusion (50-200 micrograms/min). To quantify the arterial load, we calculated pulmonary and systemic input impedances. To estimate the amount of reflection, we used a reflection index which we defined as the amplitude ratio of reflected and forward wave. Nitroprusside decreased total peripheral resistance, increased total arterial compliance, and decreased the reflection index; similarity between aortic pressure and flow wave shapes increased, and they looked more like their pulmonary counterparts. Serotonin increased pulmonary vascular resistance, decreased pulmonary arterial compliance, and increased the reflection index. Resemblance of pressure and flow waves decreased. The differences in wave shapes can thus be explained by the amount of reflection: the less reflection the more pressure and flow resemble each other.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association