Angiotensin II receptors on human platelets.
The investigation of the interaction between angiotensin II and its receptors in human subjects has been hampered by the inaccessibility of human tissue containing angiotensin II receptors. In order to find a more accessible angiotensin II-binding tissue, we studied angiotensin II binding to platelets in normal human volunteers. Platelet preparations purified on Ficoll: Isopaque gradients were incubated with 125I-angiotensin II (30 pm), with and without unlabeled angiotensin at 22 degrees C, separating bound from free hormone by microcentrifugation. Binding was linearly related to the number of platelets incubated, and, at 8 X 10(5) cells/microliters, specific binding ranged from 0.8 to 10%. Scatchard analysis indicated a binding site with a Kd of 2.4 +/- 0.3 X 10(-10) m which agreed well with the Kd by displacement analysis (3.1 X 10(-10) m). The relative binding potencies for angiotensin II and analogues were: angiotensin II = des-Asp1 an angiotensin II greater than [Sar1, Ala8] angiotensin II greater than des-Asp1-[Ile8] angiotensin II greater than angiotensin I. The effect of high and low sodium (Na) intake (200 vs. 10 mEq/day) on platelet angiotensin II binding was studied in nine subjects. Compared to low Na, high Na intake produced an 80% increase in the angiotensin II-binding capacity (P less than 0.01) with no significant change in binding affinity. We conclude that human platelets possess angiotensin receptors whose binding characteristics and modulation by dietary sodium resemble the properties of the receptors on "classical" animal angiotensin target tissues. The platelet may provide an accessible source of angiotensin receptors for a detailed study of angiotensin-receptor interaction in human tissue.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association