Regional myocardial blood flow and coronary vascular reserve in unanesthetized young calves exposed to a simulated altitude of 3500 m for 8--10 weeks.
We determined regional myocardial blood flow (15-micrometer tracer microspheres) and hemodynamics in nine normal calves, seven calves with right ventricular (RV) hypertrophy induced by pulmonary artery banding (PAB) at sea level, and five calves exposed to simulated high altitude (HA) of 3,500 m (PB = 500 mm Hg) for 8--10 weeks. Progression of RV hypertrophy was very rapid in HA calves. RV weight:body weight ratio of 2.74 +/- 0.20 g/kg at 8--10 weeks of sojourn at HA significantly exceeded that in PAB calves (1.98 +/- 0.11 g/kg) 20 weeks post-banding. All calves were studied unanesthetized at sea level before (control) and during maximal coronary vasodilation (iv adenosine; 4 microM/kg per min). Normal and HA calves were also studied during acute hypoxemia (PaO2: 42 +/- 1 mm Hg) induced by administration of 12--13% O2 + N2 in the inhaled gas. RV myocardial blood flow was significantly increased only in PAB calves, whereas in HA calves it was similar to that in normal calves. Left ventricular (LV) mass and blood flow were identical in three groups of calves. Polycythemia did not occur in HA calves. Minimal coronary vascular resistance per unit weight of the hypertrophied RV was identical to that in the normal RV myocardium. This suggested that, despite very fast progression of RV hypertrophy in HA calves, functional cross-sectional area of the RV coronary vascular bed kept pace with the increase in cardiac mass. Minimal coronary vascular resistance per unit weight of the left ventricular myocardium was also identical in three groups of calves. This suggested that chronic hypoxemia by itself did not cause an increase in the functional cross-sectional area of the LV coronary vascular bed. Acute hypoxemia resulted in a significant increase in myocardial blood flow in all calves, but in HA calves, RV endo:epi perfusion ratio decreased below 1.00. Transmural RV myocardial blood flow and RV systolic pressure in HA calves during acute hypoxemia significantly exceeded that in normal calves.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association