Ontogeny of blood pressure and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Sequential studies in the newborn lamb.
To test the hypothesis that the rise in arterial pressure occurring with maturation is due to an increase in the vascular responsiveness to angiotensin II, sequential cumulative doses of angiotensin II were infused intravenously into chronically catheterized newborn lambs maintained on a constant, weight-adjusted sodium intake from birth to 8 weeks of age. Basal mean arterial pressure correlated with both age and weight, but age was a stronger determinant of mean arterial pressure than was weight. No change in the mean arterial pressure response to angiotensin II occurred with maturation. Basal plasma renin activity and plasma aldosterone concentrations were low and did not change significantly with age. Therefore, in the newborn lamb in the sodium replete state, age is a better determinant of arterial pressure than is weight. However, an age-related change in vasoconstrictor responsiveness to angiotensin II does not occur and, therefore, cannot account for the rise in arterial pressure that is observed with maturation.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association