Non-uniform electrophysiological properties and electrotonic interaction in hypertrophied rat myocardium.
We studied the distribution and nature of the electrical changes associated with myocardial hypertrophy induced by renal hypertension in rats. Standard microelectrode techniques were used to study transmembrane action potentials recorded from endocardial, papillary muscle, and epicardial stimulation from hypertrophied (HBP) and normal (SHAM) hearts. We also determined the effects of stimulation frequency on the action potentials recorded from these preparations. To assess whether altered intercellular electrical connections contribute to the electrophysiological changes associated with hypertrophy, we analyzed the spatial steady state voltage decrement produced by passing intracellular constant current pulses and determined the effective input resistance (Rin) of endocardial HBP and SHAM preparations. Our results show that the action potential prolongation that accompanies hypertrophy is not uniform. Thus, the entire course of repolarization is prolonged in epicardial and papillary muscle fibers, but only the latter half of repolarization is prolonged in epicardial fibers. Endocardial action potentials is general, and HBP action potentials in particular, have a distinctive steep relation between duration and stimulation frequency which may be due to a difference in the rate dependence of a membrane conductance(s), although relatively greater accumulation of extracellular potassium or altered activity of the Na+-K+ pump cannot be excluded as contributing factors. In addition, the similarity in the profile of spatial voltage decrement and the values for Rin in HBP and SHAM preparations indicates that alterations in electrotonic coupling between cells are unlikely to account for the prolonged action potentials of hypertrophied myocardium.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association