Variable effect of nifedipine on myocardial blood flow at three grades of coronary occlusion in the dog.
The effect of nifedipine on myocardial blood flow at various grades of coronary stenosis is unknown, Thus 22 open-chest dogs underwent carotid to left anterior descending perfusion with flow and perfusion pressure monitoring. Grades of coronary occlusion were defined by minimum diastolic perfusion pressure. six dogs (group 1) underwent moderate occlusion to 50 to 55 mm Hg diastolic perfusion pressure; (group 2), severe occlusion to 40 mm Hg perfusion pressure; and six (group 3), more severe occlusion at 25 mm Hg. Regional myocardial blood flow was measured with radioactive microspheres before and after the intracoronary injection of 10 microgram of nifedipine. In group 1, nifedipine induced epicardial hyperemia and little change in endocardial flow in the ischemic zone. In group 2, nifedipine induced epicardial hyperemia from 1.06 to 1.39 mg/g per min, but endocardial flow decreased from 0.70 to 0.60 ml/g per min. In group 3, there was no change in blood flow. Thus the effect of nifedipine on myocardial blood flow depends on the extent of occlusion. Furthermore for certain degrees of occlusion, redistribution of blood flow from endocardium to epicardium has been shown to occur.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association