Role of the prostaglandin in norepinephrine release during augmented renal sympathetic nerve activity in the dog.
To determine the role of the prostaglandins on renal norepinephrine release, the effect of inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis was examined in anesthetized dogs during reflex activation of the renal adrenergic nerves. Hypotension increased the renal vein plasma concentrations of norepinephrine from 380 +/- 59 to 608 +/- 106 pg/ml (mean +/- SEM; P less than 0.01) and of PGE2 from 55 +/- 7 to 81 +/- 41 pg/ml (P less than 0.05). Subsequent administration of indomethacin or meclofenamate lowered the renal venous concentration of PGE2 to 26 +/- 3 pg/ml (P less than 0.01), had no significant effect on the norepinephrine concentration (620 +/- 89 pg/ml). Administration of indomethacin or meclofenamate to dogs with sodium depletion lowered renal venin plasma concentration of PGE2 from 108 +/- 40 to 20 +/- 3 pg/ml (0.05 less than P less than 0.1) but had no effect on the renal venous norepinephrine concentration (475 +/- 50 vs. 397 +/- 46 pg/ml). In dogs fed a normal salt diet, inflation of a balloon placed in the thoracic inferior vena cava lowered cardiac output and increased the renal venous concentrations of norepinephrine from 212 +/- 60 to 496 +/- 112 pg/ml (P less than 0.01) and of PGE2 from 28 +/- 5 to 96 +/- 18 pg/ml (P less than 0.01). Subsequent administration of indomethacin lowered the renal venous concentration of PGE2 to 16 +/- 5 pg/ml (P less than 0.01), but had no significant effect on the concentration of norepinephrine (548 +/- 91 pg/ml). During the three experimental conditions examined, renal blood flow was lowered by inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. These results in the dog suggest that the attenuating effect that prostaglandins exert on the renal vascular action of the adrenergic nerves is not due to inhibition of norepinephrine release.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association