Relaxation properties of mammalian atrial muscle.
The properties of relaxation, particular the sensitivity of relaxation to load, were analyzed in isolated intact atrial muscle and in manually dissected, detergent-treated cellular preparations from cat, dog, and rat atria. Force and length traces under increasing afterloads and following load clamps were obtained using an electromagnetic lever-force transducer system for the intact muscles and a capacitance transducer system for the cellular preparations. In both types of preparations, the time course of relaxation was hardly affected by the load or by alterations in load (load clamps), unlike intact mammalian ventricular muscle. This load independence of relaxation, which was hardly influenced by variations of initial muscle length, resembled relaxation in intact frog ventricular muscle and in detergent-treated mammalian ventricular single cells. As relaxation of these ventricular preparations with poorly developed (frog) or absent (detergent-treated single cells) calcium-sequestering systems was shown to be governed by the dissipation of activation, these results suggest a similar control mechanism for relaxation in mammalian atrial muscle. Furthermore, load independence of relaxation of mammalian atrial muscle in late diastole may promote optimal filling of the ventricle.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association