Cholesterol potentiates the coronary artery response to norepinephrine in anesthetized and conscious dogs.
We investigated the effect of hypercholesterolemia on coronary and cardiac hemodynamic responses to intracoronary norepinephrine (NE) (0.01 to 10.0 micrograms/min as the bitartrate) in a Gregg cannula autoperfusion system. Coronary blood flow was measured by the radioactive microsphere technique in two groups of open-chest dogs anesthetized with pentobarbital: 10 controls and 8 that were fed a cholesterol-rich diet (CD) which doubled the serum cholesterol level. In the control dogs, NE in doses of 0.01 to 1.0 micrograms/min had no effect on coronary vascular resistance (CVR) but 10 micrograms/min caused a significant decrease to 0.58 +/- 0.12 of control. In the CD dogs, NE at doses of 1.0 and 10.0 micrograms/min significantly reduced CVR, to 0.72 +/- 0.06 and 0.52 +/- 0.11 of control, respectively. There was no consistent effect of NE, at these doses, on myocardial oxygen uptake, left ventricular stroke work index, or maximal positive dP/dt. In a second series of experiments we measured coronary flow with electromagnetic flowmeters in 11 chronically instrumented conscious dogs, 5 controls, and 6 CD. In the control dogs, intravenously administered NE hydrochloride, 0.01 microgram/min, reduced CVR to 0.74 +/- 0.07 of control, and 1.0 microgram/min increased CVR to 1.26 +/- 0.09 of control. In the CD animals, these effects were seen at a 10-fold lower NE dose, 0.001 microgram/min (0.83 +/- 0.11 of control) and 0.1 microgram/min (1.32 +/- 0.06 of control). The vasodilation was blocked by propranolol, and vasoconstriction by phentolamine. We conclude that NE at low doses activates beta-adrenoreceptors to reduce CVR and at higher doses activates alpha-adrenoreceptors to increase CVR; the vasoconstrictor response is inhibited in pentobarbital anesthetized dogs, and hypercholesterolemia sensitizes coronary vessels to both the dilator and constrictor effects of NE.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association