Carotid sinus baroreceptor reflex control of the circulation in medial sclerotic and renal hypertensive rabbits and its modification by the aortic baroreceptors.
We studied the reflex control of blood pressure, heart rate, and hindlimb vascular resistance by the carotid sinus baroreceptors in normal (N), experimental renal hypertensive (RH, one kidney renal wrap model), and medial sclerotic (MS) rabbits under urethane anaesthesia using an isolated perfused carotid sinus preparation and auto-perfused hindlimb. The contralateral carotid sinus was denervated. Compared to N rabbits, the blood pressure and hindlimb vascular resistance of RH and MS rabbits were significantly elevated at all carotid sinus pressures 15 weeks after inducing the disease process. The maximum gains of the curves relating carotid sinus pressure to vascular resistance were significantly elevated in the MS and RH rabbits, but those relating carotid sinus pressure to heart rate were significantly reduced. The changes were greatest in the RH group in which the responses also were set to a higher carotid sinus pressure. In the three groups, division of the aortic nerves produced different changes in the sigmoid curves relating carotid sinus pressure to heart rate, blood pressure, and vascular resistance. There was a linear relationship between blood pressure and basal vascular resistance (correlation coefficient 0.88).
- Copyright © 1980 by American Heart Association