Caffeine reversal of length-dependent changes in myocardial contractile state in the cat.
The present study evaluated potential mechanisms for the slow length-dependent change in myocardial contractile state. Using 40 isolated right ventricular cat papillary muscles, we found that 10 mM caffeine reversed the subsequent slow change in myocardial performance following a change in muscle length. Since caffeine acts both at the sarcolemma and the sarcoplasmic reticulum, we attenuated the sarcolemmal influx of calcium with verapamil, manganese, and low external calcium concentration. None of these interventions altered the caffeine reversal of the length-dependent effect. It thus appears that the length-dependent alteration of contractile state is of intracellular origin, and probably related to altered calcium handling by the sarcoplasmic reticulum.
- Copyright © 1980 by American Heart Association