Effect of phospholipid methylation on beta-adrenergic receptors in the normal and hypertrophied rat myocardium.
Abdominal aortic constriction in rats results in mild cardiac hypertrophy (20% increase in left ventricular weight compared to sham-operated controls) which is associated with increased numbers of beta-adrenergic receptors (123 +/- 7.3 fmol/mg protein (mean +/- SE) vs. 87 +/- 4.3 fmol/mg in controls, P < 0.01) without changes in their affinities for dihydroalprenolol. In vitro synthesis of phosphatidylcholine through successive methylation of phosphatidylethanolamine by S-adenosyl-L-methionine is enhanced in the hypertrophied myocardium) 0.38 +/- 0.03 nmol/mg per 30 minutes vs. 0.23 +/- 0.03 nmol/mg per 30 minutes in controls, P < 0.01). In both experimental groups, methyltransferase activity has a high affinity for S-adenosyl-L-methionine (Km = 6.8 microM), depends on Mg2+, is optimal around pH 9.0, and is inhibited by S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine (ki = 8.3 microM). The possible relationship between phospholipid methylation and changes in myocardial beta-adrenergic receptors was studied in both normal and hypertrophied hearts. Preincubation of cardiac membranes with S-adenosyl-L-methionine increased the numbers of b eta-adrenergic receptors in proportion to the duration of incubation and the concentration of S-adenosyl-L-methionine. In both groups, S-adenosyl-homocysteine, but not 5'-AMP or L-methionine, attenuated the increase in beta-adrenoreceptors. These results indicate that phospholipid methylation may be an important mechanism for regulation of beta-adrenergic mechanisms in both normal and hypertrophied myocardium.
- Copyright © 1980 by American Heart Association