Comparison of the distribution of intramyocardial pressure across the canine left ventricular wall in the beating heart during diastole and in the arrested heart. Evidence of epicardial muscle tone during diastole.
Computations of compliance of the left ventricle (LV) during diastole assume passive tissue characteristics. To evaluate this assumption, we measured diastolic LV intramyocardial pressure simultaneously in the subepicardium and subendocardium in 18 open-chest dogs, using 1-mm in diameter micromanometers. Subepicardial pressure, 26 +/- 1 mm Hg (mean +/- SEM) exceeded subendocardial pressure, 14 +/- 1 mm Hg (P less than 0.001), and it exceeded left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) (9 +/- 1 mm Hg) (P less than 0.001). After an infusion of dextran-40 (10 dogs), subepicardial diastolic pressure increased to 42 +/- 4 mm Hg which was higher than diastolic subendocardial pressure, 26 +/- 2 mm Hg (P less than 0.001) and LVEDP, 24 +/- 2 mm Hg (P less than 0.001). Following cardiac arrest (12 dogs) with the intramyocardial probes unchanged in position, LV intracavitary pressure, 9 +/- 1 mm Hg, and subendocardial pressure, 13 +/- 3 mm Hg, did not differ significantly from the pressures in the beating heart. Subepicardial pressure, 9 +/- 1 mm Hg, was lower than in the beating heart (P less than 0.001). Following distention of the arrested LV (12 dogs), subepicardial pressure, 31 +/- 7 mm Hg, was lower than both subendocardial pressure, 58 +/- 12 mm Hg (P less than 0.001) and LV intracavitary pressure, 54 +/- 11 mm Hg (P less than 0.001). These observations indicate that tone is maintained by the subepicardium during diastole. Furthermore, the LV wall does not appear to behave as a passive shell during ventricular filling.
- Copyright © 1980 by American Heart Association