The relative time course of early changes in mitochondrial function and intracellular pH during hypoxia in the isolated toad ventricle strip.
Changes in the intracellular H+ ion concentration (pHi) and in the oxidation-reduction state of the respiratory chain were measured spectrophotometrically in the isolated ventricle strip from the toad (Bufo marinus). The relative time course of the delta pHi as indicated by changes in light absorption of the pH dye neutral red, cytochrome c, and peak isometric twitch tension were compared during transient hypoxic episodes. The first detectable change in pH occurred 4.5 minutes after the peak twitch tension began to decrease with the onset of hypoxia. The initial decrease in tension and reduction of cytochrome c occurred at a similar time prior to the change in pHi. On reoxygenation, cytochrome c rapidly became oxidized, and the pHi and tension recovered more slowly. During acidification by increasing superfusate PCO2, pHi and tension decreased together, and cytochrome c did not change significantly. Thus, although changes in pHi do affect mechanical performance, these results show that mechanical dysfunction pursuant to hypoxia is not directly attributable to intracellular acidification.
- Copyright © 1980 by American Heart Association