Cardiotonic activity of amrinone--Win 40680 [5-amino-3,4'-bipyridine-6(1H)-one].
The cardiotonic activity of a new, noncatechol, nonglycoside agent, amrinone, was investigated in vitro and in anesthestized and unanesthetized dogs. Amrinone (3-100 microgram/ml) caused a dose-dependent increase in papillary muscle developed tension and df/dt without significant changes in duration of the contractile cycle or time-to-peak tension. Amrinone induced slight increases in right atrial rate with no changes in electrophysiological properties of the cat papillary muscle or dog Purkinje fibers. In anesthetized dogs, intravenous bolus injections of amrinone at doses ranging from 1 to 10 mg/kg caused increases in cardiac contractile force and left ventricular dp/dt max with relatively small changes in heart rate and blood pressure. No significant changes in lead II ECG were observed. In unanesthetized dogs, intravenous infusion of amrinone (10-100 microgram/kg per min) caused increases in left ventricular dp/dt max and only small changes in heart rate and blood pressure. Amrinone, tested orally in this model at doses of 2-10 mg/kg, produced a positive inotropic effect with a rapid onset and long duration of action. The inotropic response to amrinone was not blocked by propranolol, dibenzyline, chlorisondamine, atropine, metiamide, or reserpine. Amrinone's inotropic response was not associated with significant alterations in cardiac norepinephrine, phosphodiesterase, cyclic AMP, or Na+, K+-activated ATPase.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Heart Association