Evidence from bioassay studies indicating a role for adenosine in cardiac ischemic and hypoxic dilation in the dog.
Previous studies using bioassay demonstrated the presence of a vasoactive substance or substances in coronary sinus blood during myocardial reactive hyperemia which had, on bioassay, characteristics of adenosine and/or AMP. In the present studies, specific blockers were applied to an improved bioassay system to define more precisely the nature of the substance or substances and to determine whether it also appears during local cardiac hypoxia. In the anesthetized dog, coronary sinus blood was bioassayed in an isolated autologous kidney during reactive and hypoxic dilation. During reactive dilation, the bioassay kidney responded with a large resistance increase which was blocked by theophylline and adenosine deaminase and converted to a decrease by adenosine autoblockade. The same was true for hypoxic dilation, except in this instance, only adenosine deaminase reduced the response (40%). Theophylline and adenosine autoblockade eliminated responses of the bioassay organ to both exogenous adenosine and exogenous AMP, but adenosine deaminase was specific for adenosine. These results confirm that one or more vasoactive substances appear in sinus blood in vasoactive quantities during cardiac reactive dilation, and that the peak concentration correlates roughly with the peak flow. In addition, they show that this also is the case for hypoxic dilation. More importantly, they demonstrate that the substance almost certainly is adenosine in the case of reactive dilation, and that increased adenosine levels also are present during hypoxic dilation, but in addition, suggest that AMP sometimes appears in coronary sinus blood during severe cardiac hypoxia in the dog heart.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Heart Association