Stimulation of renin by acute selective chloride depletion in the rat.
To determine whether acute chloride depletion per se stimulates renin, we produced selective chloride depletion without sodium depletion in rats by peritoneal dialysis (PD) against 0.15 M NaHCO3 or 0.15 M NaNO3. Control rats were dialyzed against 0.15 M NaCl. Plasma renin activity (PRA) was measured before (PRA1) and 105 minutes after (PRA2) PD. Plasma volume was expanded after PD by infusion of salt-free albumin and was measured immediately after PRA2 by [131I]albumin. In experiment 1, rats were prepared on a normal diet. PRA2 (7.0 +/- 1.0 ng/ml per hr, mean +/- SEM) was increased (P less than 0.05) over PRA1 (4.7 +/- 0.7 ng/ml per hr) in Cl-depleted but not in control rats (PRA1 = 5.3 +/- 0.7, PRA2 = 6.1 +/- 0.7, P = NS). In experiment 2, to produce greater chloride depletion, all rats were prepared for 2 weeks on a low salt diet. PRA2 (47 +/- 5 ng/ml per hr) was increased as compared to PRA1 (24 +/- 2 ng/ml per hr, P less than 0.005) in the Cl-depleted group but not in the control group (PRA1 = 24 +/- 3, PRA2 = 27 +/- 6 ng/ml per hr, P = NS). Serum potassium and final plasma volume were slightly but not significantly lower than controls in these Cl-depleted rats. To exclude an additive effect of these two stimuli for renin, in experiment 2a we infused chloride-depleted rats with three times as much albumin as controls and with KHCO3, 100 mEq/liter. Despite volume expansion and potassium loading, PRA2 (41 +/- 6 ng/ml per hr) was significantly elevated as compared to PRA1 (25 +/- 4 ng/ml per hr, P less than 0.01). Since acute metabolic alkalosis also was present in all Cl-depleted renin-stimulated rats, an additional group (2b) was dialyzed against 0.15 M NaNO3; final plasma arterial pH (7.43) was not different from controls (7.42). Nevertheless, PRA2 levels again were higher (36 +/- 6 ng/ml per hr, P less than 0.05) as compared to PRA1 (23 +/- 4 ng/ml per hr). In all experiments, arterial blood pressure, glomerular filtration rate, and filtered sodium load were not different. Free water reabsorption was lower in Cl-depleted than in control rats. We conclude that acute selective chloride depletion per se is a potent stimulus for renin release.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Heart Association