Pressor responses to norepinephrine in rabbits with 3-day and 30-day renal artery stenosis. The role of angiotensin II.
Pressor responses to norepinephrine (NE) infusions were examined in normal rabbits, in rabbits with renal artery stenosis of over 30 days' duration (chronic renal hypertensive rabbits), and in rabbits with renal artery stenosis of 3 days' duration (3-day clipped rabbits). The 3-day clipped rabbits did not have hypertension, but they showed the same increased pressor responses to NE as did the chronic renal hypertensive rabbits, which was about 2.5 times that of the normal rabbits. Plasma renin activity (PRA) was the same in the 3-day clipped rabbits as in the normal group, but in the chronic renal hypertensive rabbits the PRA was significantly below normal. Infusions of angiotensin II (A II) in either subpressor or pressor amounts potentiated the pressor responses to NE in normal rabbits, whereas, in 3-day clipped rabbits and chronic renal hypertensive rabbits, A II in subpressor or pressor doses did not alter the pressor responses to NE. Infusion of the A II antagonist, [1-sarcosine, 8-isoleucine]angiotensin II, did not alter the pressor responses of normal rabbits to NE, but this A II analogue completely abolished the pressor hyperresponsiveness to NE in the 3-day clipped rabbits and greatly reduced the NE hyperresponsiveness in the chronic renal hypertensive rabbits; this A II antagonist did not alter the control arterial pressure in any of the three groups of rabbits. These studies show that the increased pressor response to NE in rabbits with renal artery stenosis occurs before the onset of hypertension and thus is not merely a result of the hypertension. Also, these results provide evidence that A II plays an important role in the increased pressor responses to NE in hypertensive and prehypertensive rabbits.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association