Diastolic coronary artery pressure-flow relations in the dog.
Conscious dogs were used to investigate the relations between aortic (Pa) pressure and coronary flow (F) during individual diastoles. When the dogs were in a semibasal state, coronary pressure-flow relations were described by a family of lines, and diastolic flow was a linear function of aortic pressure. For a given perfusion pressure, higher flows were associated with lines of progressively greater slope and lower zero flow pressure intercept (Pf=0). Zero flow pressure intercepts were estimated by extrapolation and found to vary between 20 and 50 mm Hg, depending on the magnitude of flow. The zero flow pressure may represent the height of a vascular waterfall caused by vasomotor tone with the resistance-controlling coronary flow being (P-Pf=0).F-1. Interventions that decrease vasomotor tone increase coronary flow by both decreasing vascular resistance and increasing the perfusion pressure gradient. The gradient increases because the effective coronary back pressure is the height of the vascular waterfall and the latter is reduced when vasomotor tone falls. Passive changes in vessel dimensions, arterial recruitment, and autoregulation appear to be of little importance during individual diastoles.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association