Renal function and renin secretion after administration of ouabain and ouabain plus furosemide in conscious sheep.
The effects of ouabain or ouabain and furosemide on renal function and renin secretion were studied in conscious isovolemic sheep. The sheep received a continuous renal arterial infusion of papaverine, 7 mg/min, throughout the experiment. Ouabain alone (7 X 10(-7) M in the renal plasma) produced significant decreases in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and renal plasma flow (RPF) but not in renal perfusion pressure. Plasma [K+] rose after ouabain administration. Fractional (FENa) and absolute (UNaV) Na+ excretion were 2.9 +/- 1.0% (mean +/- SE) and 78 +/- 54 muEq/min, respectively, during the papaverine infusion and rose to 19 +/- 5.1% (P less than 0.05) and 528 +/- 116 muEq/min (P less than 0.01) after ouabain administration. Despite the large changes in Na+ reabsorption, renin secretion was not stimulated. During the control period, renin secretion was 281 +/- 131 ng/min and the average renin secretion after ouabain administration was 310 +/- 78 ng/min (not significant). A smaller dose of ouabain (2 X 10(-7) M) infused into the renal artery with 40 mg of furosemide, iv, did not decrease GFR but RPF was suppressed. FENa and UNaV averaged 4.4 +/- 1.6% and 121 +/- 44 muEq/min, respectively, while papaverine was infused into the renal artery and increased to 18 +/- 4.8% (P less than 0.05) and 636 +/- 209 muEq/min (P less than 0.05) after ouabain and furosemide were infused. Renin secretion was 118 +/- 62 ng/min during the control period and averaged 240 +/- 67 ng/min after ouabain plus furosemide. The difference was not statistically significant. Thus ouabain alone does not stimulate renin secretion in the conscious, isovolemic sheep despite a presumed increase in [NaCl] at the macula densa and inhibition of NaCl transport by the loop of Henle. Ouabain also blocks the normal stimulatory effects of furosemide on renin secretion.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association