Effects of substrates on tissue metabolic changes in the isolated rat heart during underperfusion and on release of lactate dehydrogenase and arrhythmias during reperfusion.
In Langendorff-perfused rat hearts, the perfusion pressure was reduced from 100 cm H2O to 20 cm H2O for 30 minutes to produce a model of global ischemia with a residual oxygen uptake. The release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias during reperfusion were dependent on the substrate. Glucose-perfused hearts had the highest rates of glycolytic ATP production (2.5 mumol/g per min) during ischemia with normal contents of tissue cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) and, during reperfusion, the release of LDH was lowest and severe ventricular arrhythmias did not occur. In pyruvate-perfused hearts, glycolysis was inhibited during ischemia, the rate of production of glycolytic ATP was only 0.5 mumol/g per min. and tissue cAMP doubled; during reperfusion, LDH release was 14-fold higher and ventricular arrhythmias were more severe. Total tissue contents of ATP and phosphocreatine were similar in glucose- and in pyruvate-perfused hearts. In hearts perfused with acetate, there was virtually no glycolytic ATP synthesized during the last 5 minutes of ischemia and cAMP increased further. Acetate- and palmitate-perfused hearts showed greatest release of LDH and had severest arrhythmias during reperfusion, suggesting that it was the metabolic and not the detergent effects of palmitate that were operating. Lipolysis was not a major factor in the cause of reperfusion LDH release. A role of glycolytic ATP in the maintenance of membrane integrity is postulated.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association