The pressor response to angiotensin II in patients with low renin essential hypertension.
The etiology of low renin essential hypertension (LREH) has not been established with certainty, but mineralocorticoid excess has been implicated frequently in its pathogenesis. The finding of several investigators of a normal exchangeable sodium space and extracellular fluid volume, however, does not support this hypothesis. To evaluate the possible role of sodium and water retention in LREH, the pressor response to infused angiotensin II (A II) was determined and compared to that of normal subjects and that of subjects with normal renin essential hypertension (NREH). This approach was based on the known suprasensitivity of vascular receptors to A II in situations in which sodium and water compartments are expanded as they are, for example, in proven hypermineralocorticoid states such as primary aldosteronism. In this study, we found that subjects with LREH demonstrated no increased pressor response to graded doses of A II; this suggests that LREH is not primarily mediated by sodium and water retention.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association