The relationship between body fluid volume, sodium ion concentration, and sensitivity to pressor effect of angiotensin II in dogs.
Extracellular fluid volume, plasma electrolyes, and plasma angiotensin II (A II) were individually controlled to determine their influence on the acute pressor responsiveness to A II. Hemodialysis of nephrectomized dogs was used to simulate and control the changes of major variables which occur in the intact state during changes in sodium balance. A II dose-pressure response curves were determined in 11 dogs at three volume states with plasma [Na+] maintained constant and in five dogs at low, normal, and high plasma [Na+] with body fluid volume maintained constant. Parallel shifts of the log dose-response curves were obtained in the three volume states. The same rise in arterial pressure with identical doses of A II was obtained at normal, contracted, and expanded volume states, with the change of arterial pressure based on the uncompensated basal pressure level at each volume state. When the fall in pressure observed during volume depletion was returned to control levels with norepinephrine, there was no change in the A II dose-response relationship from the control state. No difference in the A II dose-pressure response relationship was obtained between states of 140, 146, and 156 mEq/liter plasma [Na+] with body fluid volume held constant. The studies indicate that short-term alterations in either sodium or water balance do not alter the "real" vascular sensitivity to A II. The "apparent" changes normally observed result from preexisting endogenous levels of circulating A II present at the time the dose-response curve is determined which probably alter the availability of receptor sites to A II.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association