Adenosine metabolism in canine myocardial reactive hyperemia.
In pentobrabital-anesthetized open chest dogs, myocardial adenosine content is elevated by 5 or 15 seconds of left coronary artery occlusion and falls exponentially to control levels during reactive hyperemia. The rate constants for adenosine dissipation are (mean +/- SEM): -0.08 +/- 0.01 and -0.034 +/- 0.007 sec-1 after 5- and 15-second occlusion, respectively. Kinetic analysis of the reactive hyperemia flow curves (Circ Res 14/15 (suppl I): 81-85, 1963) predicts rates of -0.069 +/- 0.009 sec-1 and -0.04 +/- 0.009 sec-1, indicating that changes in adenosine levels can account for the way coronary flow changes during this response. The log (dose-) response curve relating reactive hyperemia flow to tissue adenosine concentration has a steeper slope and is half-maximal at a lower adenosine concentration than the dose-response curve obtained by intracoronary infusions of adenosine in oxygenated hearts, indicating that the coronary vasoactivity of adenosine is enhanced during reactive hyperemia. This could explain why theophylline antagonizes the coronary vasocilatory effect of adenosine in oxygenated hearts but has relatively little effect on reactive hyperemia.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association