Effects of norepinephine, calcium, and rate of discharge on 42K movements in canine cardiac Purkinje fibers.
We studied the effect of norepinephrine, calcium concentration, and rate of discharge in the presence of different [Ca2+]0 on radioactive potassium movements in cardiac Purkinje fibers. The following results were obtained: (1) norepinephrine increases potassium uptake in quiescent fibers and in fibers driven at constant rate, but more in the latter; (2) norepinephrine also increases potassium uptake in quiescent fibers depolarized at the plateau; (3) increasing [Ca2+]0 increases potassium uptake in fibers driven at constant rate; (4) increasing [Ca2+]0 may decrease K+ uptake in quiescent fibers; (5) increasing [Ca2+]0 decreases the rate of loss of tissue radioactivity in quiescent fibers and increases it in a driven fiber; (6) increasing the driving rate increases potassium uptake in low and high [Ca2+]0; (7) high [Ca2+]0 increases K+ uptake, especially at low rates; (8) norepinephrine is less effective in increasing K+ uptake in the presence of a high [Ca2+]0. We conclude that: (a) norepinephrine increases potassium uptake by different mechanisms; (b) calcium affects potassium movements when it is allowed to enter the cell, presumably by affecting potassium conductance; (c) the effect of an increased rate of discharge on K+ uptake may involve stimulation of active K+ uptake and may include a calcium-dependent component which is largest at high [Ca2+]0 and a slow rate of drive; (d) simultaneous application of two interventions results in a summation that is smallest when one of the mechanisms is already substantially activated.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association