A direct radioimmunoassay for human renin substrate and identification of multiple substrate types in plasma.
Plasma renin substrate, a widely measured parameter of the renin reaction, is quantitated indirectly by the measurement of liberated angiotensin I upon exhaustive incubation of plasma with added renin. To overcome methodological problems of this assay system, we have developed a direct radioimmunoassay for this plasma protein using renin substrate purified from pooled plasma of normotensive subjects as the antigen. Comparison of substrate quantitated by the two assay systems (direct and indirect) indicates a 1:1 correlation with the exception of certain subjects with elevated substrate levels induced by estrogen therapy. To study the possibility of multiple substrate forms, we have made a comparison of substrate quantitated by both radioimmunoassays in conjunction with electrophoresis of plasma on polyacrylamide gel. One major form of substrate with a retardation factor (Rf) = 0.60 was found in normotensive and essential hypertensive subjects which gave a 1:1 correspondence on quantitation by the two methods. In contrast, six of 16 women on oral contraceptives demonstrated three forms of substrate (Rf = 0.16, 0.35, and 0.60) on electrophoresis. Substrate with Rf = 0.16 and 0.35 did not cross-react with the antiserum prepared against substrate from normotensive subjects, implying structural differences in these proteins.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association