Intrarenal hemodynamics in cross-circulated hypervolemic and isovolemic rats.
The microsphere technique was used to measure renal blood flow and intrarenal flow distribution in cross-circulated pairs of rats. One rat of each pair was made hypervolemic by infusion of blood (2.3% of body weight), followed by intravenous reinfusion to urine to maintain intravascular expansion. The other rat of each pair, which also was urine-reinfused, was kept isvolemic throughout the experiment. As shown previously, blood infusion resulted in a large diuretic and natriuretic response in the hypervolemic partner, while a smaller but statistically significant response occurred in the isovolemic partner. Total renal blood flow did not change in the expanded rats and fell slightly but not significantly in the nonexpanded ones. Blood volume expansion was associated with a significant shift in microsphere concentration from outer to inner cortex. This shift was not, however, correlated with the magnitude of the renal response. The transferred natriuresis in isovolemic partners was not associated with any change in microsphere distribution. We conclude therefore, that redistribution of blood flow to the inner cortex, although a feature of intravascular expansion, is not the primary determinant of volume natriuresis. In addition, the natriuretic activity which develops in the blood of hypervolemic rats can reduce sodium reabsorption in isovolemic rats without intrarenal hemodynamic changes.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association