Hemodynamics of arterial stenoses at elevated flow rates.
This study is concerned with the pressure drop that develops across an arterial stenosis, with particular emphasis on the effect of the stenosis at high blood flow rates induced by a locally administered vasodilator drug. Stenoses, ranging in severity from 55.7% to 91.0% reduction in lumen area were artificially induced in the femoral and carotid arteries of large mongrel dogs. Instantaneous flow rates and pressure drops were measured over a wide range of flow conditions. Mean velocities varied from 3.9 to 88.8 cm/sec. Experimental data support the applicability of a relatively simple equation for predicting the pressure drop over this wide range of velocities and stenosis geometries. Results show that blood flow through a particular artery can increase by a large factor, in the range of 4-5, under conditions of vasodilation with a corresponding large decrease in pressure distal to the stenosis. The pressure drop increases in a nonlinear manner with velocity and thereby accentuates the importance of the stenosis at elevated flow rates. We suggest that a critical stenosis be defined in terms of its effect on maximal flow rather than resting flow.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association