Renal responses of the fetal lamb to fetal or maternal volume expansion.
Fetal and maternal glomerular filtration rate (GFR), renal plasma flow (RPF), urine volume, sodium excretion, and fractional sodium reabsorption were measured in a chronically instrumented sheep preparation. Fetal GFR was essentially stable between 110 and 135 days of gestation (term = 147 days). There was a significant increase in GFR after 135 days. After the infusion of 50 ml of normal saline over a 30-minute period, fetal GFR and sodium excretion increased significantly. Fractional sodium reabsorption was significantly decreased. Thus, the fetus is capable of responding to volume expansion with saline with an increase in GFR and a decrease in fractional sodium reabsorption. After the infusion of 1000 ml of normal saline into the ewe in 1 hour, maternal GFR and RPF rose significantly. Sodium excretion rose 6-fold and fractional sodium reabsorption fell significantly. After the infusion of saline into the ewe, there was no change in fetal GFR, RPF, sodium excretion, urine volume, or fractional sodium reabsorption. Since there were no changes in fetal renal function after maternal volume expansion with saline there was no evidence for the transplacental passage of a natriuretic factor from ewe to fetus.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association