Effects of the antibiotic ionophore X-537A on contractility and ionic exchange in rabbit ventricular myocardium.
The effects of the ionophore X-537A on mechanical function and on ionic exchange were studied in the isolated, arterially perfused rabbit interventricular septum. X-537A produced an initial positive inotropic response which was, however, transient in this preparation and appeared to be dependent on an effect of the ionophore on catecholamines. The positive inotropy gave way to a progressive decline in force development which was unrelated to the action of catecholamines and was not accompanied by the development of contracture. Isotope uptake experiments revealed that coincident with this decline in force development there was a continuous net loss of tissue K+ and a net gain of Na+. X-537A (5 micronM) perfused for 20 minutes resulted in a net K+ loss of 50.2 +/- 4.6 mmol/kg dry weight and a net Na+ gain of 74.0 +/- 4.5 mmol/kg dry weight. Isotope washout experiments confirmed that the entire net loss of K+ could be accounted for by increased K+ efflux. X-537A did not alter Na+ efflux nor did it have any detectable effect on 45Ca exchange of the perfused septum in which the ability to detect net movements is at a level of approximately +/- 550 micron mol/kg dry weight. On removal of the ionophore the decline in force development ceased and reversed to near control levels and the progressive ionic changes ceased. However, despite the near total recovery of contractile function the Na+ and K+ levels remained at values little different from those reached at the termination of X-537A perfusion. In addition, after removal of the ionophore, we found that K+ exchange rate remained significantly less than control and, furthermore, a kinetic inhomogeneity of tissue K+ was observed. The results emphasize a dissociation between cellular Na+ and K+ content and function following the ionic perturbations induced by the ionophore.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association