On the mechanism underlying the action of D-600 on slow inward current and tension in mammalian myocardium.
D-600 the methoxy derivative of verapamil, is said to affect the force of cardiac contraction and the slow inward current (LSi) specifically by reducing the membrane conductance for Ca2+ (gsi). However, it is apparent that many effects of D-600 cannot be adequately explained solely by an effect on gsi. We studied the effects of D-600 on membrane current and tension of cat papillary muscle, using a conventional single sucrose gap voltage clamp technique. The results indicate that D-600 not only reduces the maximal Ca conductance but also, depending on concentration and duration of exposure, alters both the kinetics of the Ca-carrying system and the amplitude of the steady state outward current. No changes in the steady state activation and inactivation variables or in the rate of Isi inactivation were found. However, a substantial increase in the time to peak Lsi, as much as 7 times normal, was observed after exposure to D-600 (0.5 X 10(-6) to 2.0 X 10(-6) M) for at least 20 minutes. Because approximately only 75% of the reduction in Lsi induced by D-600 could be attributed to change in the maximum value of gsi (gsi), we conclude that the change in time to peak and about 25% of the reduction in Isi must be due to a change in the activation kinetics of the Ca-carrying system, Calculations suggest that the time to 70% activation of gsi can be prolonged to as much as 10 times normal by prolonged exposure to negatively inotropic concentrations of D-600.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association