Prostaglandins and the control of blood flow in the canine myocardium.
A comprehensive study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of inhibition of prostaglandin (PG) synthesis on a variety of reactions in the coronary vascular bed of anesthetized, open-chest dogs. In 23 dogs an electromagnetic flow probe (EMFP) and hydraulic occluder were placed around either the left anterior descending or circumflex branches of the coronary artery and a needle was inserted distral to the EMFP. Injections into the coronary artery of arachidonic acid (AA), bradykinin, adenosine, angiotensin, and PGE2 were given before and after inhibition of PG synthesis by indomethacin (IND) or meclofenamate (MF). The effects of the inhibitors on reactive hyperemia resulting from 5-, 10-, 15-, and 20-second occlusions and the dilation resulting from 90-second exposure to 8% O2 were also examined. In each experiment, inhibition of PG synthesis was ascertained by the elimination of vasodilation to AA. After administration of IND or MF, while baseline coronary blood flow was slightly reduced, the total increment of blood flow to vasodilator agents was not significantly altered. Whereas the peak dilation and volume of reactive hyperemia were decreased, the percent flow debt repaid was unchanged and total increment of coronary flow due to hypoxia-induced vasodilation was not significantly modified. Vasoconstrictor responses to angiotensin were also unchanged. These results indicate that while inhibitors of PG synthesis increase coronary resistance, they do not adversely affect vascular responsiveness. We conclude that prostaglandins play little, if any, role in modulating coronary blood flow.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association