Response of the cerebral circulation in baboons to changing perfusion pressure after indomethacin.
An earlier study has demonstrated that indomethacin, a prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor, blocks the cerebrovascular response to hypercapnia. This response is believed to be mediated by a lowering of pH in the cerebral interstitial fluid. Should autoregulation of cerebral blood flow (CBF) to changing perfusion pressure also be mediated by a changing interstitial pH (the "metabolic" theory), then indomethacin should impair autoregulation. This hypothesis was tested in anesthetized baboons. CBF was measured by the intracarotid 133Xe clearance technique; the preparation and the indomethacin protocol were identical to those of our previous investigation. Arterial pressure was increased by the intravenous infusion of angiotensin and decreased by controlled hemorrhage. Indomethacin was given by continuous infusion into the internal carotid artery. Although it reduced resting CBF, the cerebrovascular response to changing perfusion pressure was unchanged. Because indomethacin affects the response to changing CO2 but not that to changing perfusion pressure, the mechanisms for these two reactions presumably are different and it is improbable that changing interstitial pH is responsible for autoregulation in the cerebral circulation.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association