Cardiac output and renal blood flow in glycerol-induced acute renal failure in the rat.
Cardiac output (CO) and renal blood flow (RBF) were simultaneously evaluated by the microsphere method in water-drinking and chronic saline-drinking rats at 3, 12 and 24 hours after induction of acute renal failure by glycerol injection. Threee hours after glycerol injection CO and RBF decreased to 36% and 20% of the respective controls in water-drinking rats and to 41% and 24% of the controls in saline-drinking rats. Renal vascular resistance (RVR) increased significantly in both groups at this time. Isoncotic plasma expansion (3% of body weight) restored the RBF and RVR to normal in water-drinking rats 3 hours post-glycerol injection, althought CO increased to only 70% of the control. Twelve hours after glycerol injection, CO and RBF returned to normal in saline-drinking rats, whereas they remained lower than controls in water-drinking rats. Twenty-four hours post-glycerol injection, when acute renal failure was evident as indicated by blood urea nitrogen (BUN) values of 116.9 and 63.8 mg/100 ml in water- and saline-drinking rats, respectively, CO and RBF returned to normal, except that the CO of of water-drinking rats was slightly higher than control. Thus, we conclude that decreased CO is an important determinant of the early decrease in renal perfusion in glycerol-induced acute renal failure. Furthermore, the observed earlier return of CO and RBF to normal in saline-drinking rats may be partly responsible for reproducing the severity of acute renal failure.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association