Change in liver blood flow and blood content in dogs during direct and reflex alteration of hepatic sympathetic nerve activity.
A mean decrease of 60% in liver blood volume was recorded by a plethysmographic technique during electrical stimulation of the hepatic nerves in anesthetized, vagotomized dogs. A decrease in pressure in the vascularly isolated carotid sinus to 40 mm Hg, from a mean control of 144 mm Hg, decreased liver blood volume by a mean of 16%; arterial blood pressure increased by a mean of 77 mm Hg. Carotid sinus hypotension was accompanied by respective mean increases of 16% and 1.4% in hepatic arterial and portal venous blood flows, and of 45% and 22% in arterial and portal resistances. Increase in sinus pressure to 240 mm Hg increased liver blood volume by a mean of 20%; arterial blood pressure decreased by 90 mm Hg. Sinus hypertension was accompanied by respective mean decreased of 10% and 1.5% in hepatic arterial and portal venous blood flows, and of 44% and 18% in arterial and portal resistances. Interruption of afferent vagal traffic from cardiopulmonary receptors was maximally effective in decreasing liver blood volume at a carotid sinus pressure of 40 mm Hg and was ineffective at carotid sinus pressures greater than 160 mm Hg. Combined withdrawal of carotid and cardiopulmonary vasomotor inhibition decreased liver blood volume by 42%; of this 37% was due to the cardiopulmonary and 63% to the carotid baroreflex. The study showed the canine liver to function as a blood reservoir by active mobilization of a portion of its blood volume.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association