Quantification of apolipoprotein B in grossly normal human aorta.
A quantitiative electroimmunodiffusion (EID) assay was developed for apolipoprotein B (apoB), the major apoprotein of human plasma low density lipoproteins (LDL) and very low density lipoproteins (VLDL). Specificity, sensitivity (30-200 ng) and reproducibility (11%) were established. We used this system to determine the amount of buffer-soluble apoB in supernatant fractions from homogenates of the intima from grossly normal human aortas. Assays of whole tissue minces yielded only one-third of the apoB in supernatant fractions. Intimal homogenates contained 0.34-18.45 mug of apoB/mg of tissue, dry weight (mean 5.42 +/- 3.95 SD). We also found that no apoB was detected in the homogenates of adjacent tunica media. Furthermore, most of the intimal apoB was found in the LDL density (d) fraction (d 1.006-1.063) after differential ultracentrifugation, while the VLDL (d less than 1.006) fraction contained only negligible amounts of apoB. By electron microscopy, it was determined that the LDL density fraction contained particles 200-250 A in diameter which were similar in size to plasma LDL. These results suggest that grossly normal aortas contain significant quantities of intact LDL.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association