Evidence of the Atrial Location of Receptors Influencing Urine Flow
Receptors believed responsible for the diuresis of negative pressure breathing have been located by observing the effect on urine flow of a stepwise engorgement of the intrathoracic vascular bed. Distension of the pulmonary arterial tree (injection of plastic beads) and of the entire pulmonary circulation (snares on the pulmonary veins) were without effect. A diuresis was however elicited by expansion of a balloon in the left atrium. It is concluded that stretch receptors in the left atrium and terminal pulmonary veins are instrumental in a mechanism linking changes in the actively circulating blood volume with homeostatic responses of the kidney.
- Received September 23, 1955.
- © 1956 American Heart Association, Inc.