Inhibition of feline collateral vessel development following experimental thrombolic occlusion.
We compared development of feline hindlimb collateral circulation after acute occlusion of the terminal aorta by ligation, thrombus formation, and formation of a "closed" aortic loop containing thromboplastin. Collateral circulation development was assessed by aortograms, scintillation scans, neurological signs following occlusion, measurement of hindlimb muscle blood flow, and forelimb and hindlimb temperature. In cats in which aortic occlusion was the result of ligation or thromboplastin in the aortic loop, paralysis was not evident. Aortograms and scintillation scans indicated hindlimb blood flow. Both muscle temperature and blood flow data indicated that the return of blood flow was rapid. The 5th lumbar artery appears to be the origin of the collateral vessels. The mid-zone component is a dorsal and ventral vertebral route and an epaxial muscle route. The reentry components are the 6th or 7th lumbar arteries. The collateral vessels arise from preexisting collateral vessels. Of those cats in which aortic occlusion was the result of a thrombus, all exhibited paralysis. Aortograms, scintillation scans, muscle temperature, and hindlimb blood flow data indicated reduced hindlimb blood flow. The results suggest that the thrombus has an inhibitory effect on the development of collateral circulation.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association