Localization of glucocorticoid uptake in normal and ischemic myocardial tissue of isolated perfused cat hearts.
We studied the uptake of labeled dexamethasone (3H-Dex) or methylprednisolone (3H-MP) in isolated perfused cat hearts during the first hour of acute myocardial ischemia. Considerable amounts of 3H-Dex and 3H-MP were taken up by the plasma membrane (F1) fraction in control, border zone, and ischemic myocardial tissue. Lesser amounts were incorporated into the remaining cell fractions. A gradient of glucocorticoid uptake was observed that decreased from control tissue to ischemic tissue in all subcellular fractions (i.e., F1 to F5). Accordingly, supernatant fraction (S) to particulate (P) ratios of labeled glucocorticoid uptake increased from control to ischemic tissue, indicating that myocardial cell damage resulted in a decrease in glucocorticoid-binding capacity in subcellular fractions obtained from ischemic tissue. The activity of 5'-nucleotidase (5'ND), a plasma membrane marker in myocardial cells, also decreased from normal to ischemic tissue. Furthermore, we found that uptake of 3H-MP and 3H-Dex was associated with the retention of 5'ND activity in F1 fractions of both border zone and ischemic tissue. Similar protection of plasma membrane integritg occurred in the supernatant fraction as determined by changes in S/P ratios of 5'ND activity. These data provide support for the concepts that (1) plasma membrane changes occur soon after acute myocardial ischemia, and (2) the mechanism by which glucocorticoids exert a protective effect in myocardial ischemia may be related to membrane stabilization.
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