Effect of variation in dietary NaCl intake on total and fractional renal blood flow in the normal and mercury-intoxicated rat.
We studied the effect of different chronic (3-4 weeks) dietary salt intakes on intrarenal hemodynamics of normal and mercury-intoxicated rats. Cardiac output (CO), total renal blood flow (RBF), and the zonal perfusion rate in the outer cortex (OC) and inner cortex (IC) were measured by the radioactive microsphere method. The distribution of cortical blood flow was calculated as the distribution index (DI), which reflects the ratio OC/IC. Rats were placed on a high salt diet (group I), intermediate salt diet (group II), or low salt diet (group III). For each group control rats (subgroup A) and mercury-intoxicated rats (subgroup B) were studied. No effect of the different salt intakes on the DI could be detected. The DI in group IA was 2.35 +/- 0.14; in IIA, 2.40 +/- 0.16; and in IIIA, 2.38 +/- 0.09 (P greater than 0.05). After mercury injection RBF changed from 5.32 +/- 0.36 ml/g.min(-1) (IIA) to 3.31 +/- 0.20 ml/g.min(-1), IIB and from 4.32 +/- 0.11ml/g.min(-1) (IIIA) to 1.98 +/- 0.10 ml/g.min(-1) (IIIB) P less than 0.01). The DI was lowered to 1.53 +/- 0.06 (IIB) (P less than 0.05) and to 1.16 +/- 0.10 (IIIB) (P less than 0.01). In both IIB and IIIB a marked elevation of the blood urea was noted (IIB = 97 +/- 9 MG/100 ML AND IIIB = 182 +/- 25 mg/100 ml). In group IB no effect on RBF, OC, IC, or DI could be observed (for all values, P greater than 0.05) despite similar histological renal lesions. Group IB rats also had normal blood urea levels (31 +/- 6 mg/100 ml;P greater than 0.05). We conclude (1) that variations in dietary salt intake appear to have no detectable effect on the intracortical blood flow distribution; and furthermore (2) that the mercury-induced acute renal failure (ARF) is characterized hemodynamically by a total renal and preferential outer cortical ischemia and that chronic salt loading prevents the ARF while preserving normal renal perfusion.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association