An electrogenic sodium pump and baroreceptor function in normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Postexcitatory depression (PED) and adaptation were examined in slowly adapting aortic baroreceptors of normotensive rats (NTR) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR); an aortic arch-aortic nerve preparation in vitro was used. PED was elicited either mechanically by employing single or double pressure steps, or electrically by antidromic stimulation of the aortic nerve. During PED the axon of the receptor was capable of conducting action potentials and the receptor itself could respond to increased pressures. The relationship between duration of PED and number of impulses preceding it was hyperbolic. In NTR's and SHR's PED was abolished by ouabain or solutions containing no potassium, neither of which affected the steady state pressure-volume relationship of the aorta. These interventions, which are known to block electrogenic pumps, also lowered the pressure threshold and increased the curvature of the steady state pressure-frequency curve. Furthermore, lithium, another agent that blocks electrogenic pumps, also abolished PED. Thus, PED is attributed mainly to an electrogenic sodium pump which operates normally in baroreceptors. We found that adaptation from peak transient to steady state frequency did not appear to be altered significantly when the pump was blocked. Blockage of the pump by ouabain is responsible for the baroreceptor reflex effects elicited by this drug. We conclude that resetting and reduced sensitivity in SHR baroreceptors are not attributed to significant differences in electrogenic pump activity.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association